Electric Vehicle

http://electricvehiclesnews.com/History/Companies/ElectricVehicle.htm

Electric Vehicle Company
1899-1907 the new name of the Electric Carriage and Wagon Co.

The Electric Vehicle Company was founded founded by Henry G. Morris and Pedro G. Salom in 1899 by the merger of Pope Manufacturing Company and two smaller firms. The company pioneered the use of pressed steel for wheels, and its cars featured front-wheel drive and brakes, and rear-wheel steering.
Electric Cabs in NYC

In 1899, ninety percent of the cabs in New York City were electric and Jacob German was the first man to be arrested for speeding. He was a New York taxi driver who was arrested after being caught doing 12 mph on Lexington Avenue. By 1900, the Electric Vehicle Company had put hundreds of its electric Hansom cabs, modeled after the design of its horse-drawn predecessors, on the streets of the metropolis. The Hansoms eliminated the need for a differential by providing a separate motor and axle for each rear wheel.

Beginning in 1901, the Electric Vehicle Company produced both gasoline-powered and electric automobiles.

In 1904, the Electric Vehicle Company built 2000 taxicabs, trucks, and buses, and set up subsidiary cab and car rental companies from New York to Chicago.
In 1907 Electric Vehicle went into the receivership.

=========================================================================================================================================

photo - electric cars

Electric cars
images from google images

http://www.electricvehiclesnews.com/History/historyearlyIII.htm
==William Morrison of Des Moines, Iowa built the first successful electric automobile in the United States in 1891.

Born in Scotland Morrison arrived in Des Moines in 1880 as a chemist. In 1887 he made an unsuccessful attempt to build a car but the center-pivot steering didn’t work. He then commissioned a fringe top surrey from the Des Moines Buggy Company, that he electrified in September of 1890, to demonstrate his new battery (patented 1891 with L. Schmidt). It may have been the first land vehicle steered with a wheel, and featured his patented rack and pinion steering gear (Immisch may have done both a year earlier). Watchmaker Dr. Lew Arntz did the mechanical modifications. Powered by 24 of his lead-acid storage cells (48 volts) with 112 Ampere-hours capacity it weighed two tons. A spur gear on a four horse-power Siemens trolley-car motor, that Morrison rewound to work at a lower voltage more practical for battery application (about 15% of trolley car voltage), this drove a large ring gear on the right rear wheel. This car became very influential when the American Battery Company of Chicago purchased it for $3,600 to demonstrate their commercial version of the Morrison battery at the 1893 World’s Columbian Exhibition. At the fair almost everyone who would be influential in early motoring history saw the carriage.

1894 The Electrobat was the first successful electric automobile. It was designed and built by mechanical engineer Henry G. Morris and chemist Pedro G. Salom in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Both had backgrounds in battery streetcars and, as the battery streetcar business was fading, they teamed up to make battery road vehicles. Their effort was patented on August 31, 1894. Built like a small version of a battery streetcar, it was a slow (it ran at 15 mph), heavy, impractical vehicle with steel tires to support the immense weight of its large lead battery. It entered production in 1895. Later they redesigned the Electrobat (with some help from Walter Baker’s axles and bearings) first as a racecar then as an electric hansom cab.

Woods Motor Vehicle Company was a manufacturer of electric automobiles in Chicago, Illinois between 1899 and 1916. The company was started by Clinton Edgar Woods who wrote the first book on electric vehicles.
The 1904 Woods Stanhope was a Stanhope model. It could seat 2 passengers and sold for US$1800. Twin electric motors, situated at the rear of the car, produced 2.5 hp (1.9 kW) each. The car weighed 2650 lb (1202 kg) with a 40 cell battery.

The 1904 Woods Victoria was a carriage-styled model. It could seat 2 passengers and sold for US$1900. The same twin electric motors as the Stanhope were used, though a 4-speed transmission was fitted. The car weighed 2,700 pounds (1,200 kg). 40 batteries were also used, with an 18 mph (29 km/h) top speed.
Early hybrid

At $2,700, The Dual Power Model 44 Coupe had a 4 cylinder internal combustion engine as well as electric power. Below 15 mph (24 km/h) the car was electric-powered and above it the conventional engine took over to take the vehicle to a maximum of around 35 mph (56 km/h). It is today considered a historic hybrid electric vehicle.

Danger Will Robinson Danger

Laptops And Smartphones’ Low-Power Signals Leak Data | Video
by NSF
Side-channel emissions from laptops and smartphones can be detected from a several feet away and transmit data even when not connected to the internet. If you keep important records or valuable information on your laptop or smartphone, you had better watch this.
http://www.livescience.com/49731-laptops-and-smartphones-low-power-signals-leak-data-video.html

Spy Watch : Is Your Computer Protected?

 

 

photo - webpage

WTF my view online

I am running another scan on my “old, outdated, nearly obsolete computer. I haven’t been downloading much since the big adware thing hit me. I’m not sure that anyone is safe out there. Which security systems should you use?

I am told over and over, by marketers and the likes, ” don’t use free anti-virus or security programs”, as they’re not safe. The impression is free programs are substandard, or a diluted version of the real thing. I believe both views are correct in some cases…..

I have bought different programs such as Symantec and McAfee in the past, and wondered if those programs were actually worthwhile. They pretended to do the jobs they were supposed to do, but when it came time to renew the subscription, all of a sudden the computer is infected and full of viruses and trojans and worms etc.

Chances are the various programs do, what they’re promising to do and only give that hype to get you to buy that service again. If that’s the case I don’t need that kind of pressure on my mind. But….

I did a scan with Trend Micro Housecall and that program found 10 or 12 bad problems. I deleted them of course only to have my pc acting up again as soon as I went on-line. So I scanned the computer again and was notified everything was clean.

Not knowing any better I figured everything was fine, and proceeded to go on-line and had the same problems all over again. It got so bad with, slowness, hyper-links that shouldn’t be there, pop-up ads, and a computer tech program slamming into my browsing experience.

I called the number and got a tech to look at my machine. I’ll relate that tale later, but for now I’ll tell you the end result of his findings. He poked around and showed me how I had 21000 error messages, and showed me some adware stuff in the files. He did not fix the problem, but told me I could buy something that would fix it and said it would cost me about $500 to be right with the net again.

I got it all fixed sort of, meaning now it’s an ongoing task to kill the beasts that got me. I did what my previous article said and spent 4 1/2 hours cleaning the system. And I did that with a free system, although I will send Malwarebytes a donation.

Here is that link again for those who think they need it. http://malwaretips.com/blogs/remove-coolsalecoupon-virus/

HTML Tutorial 3 – Adding Images & Backgrounds To Your HTML Website

Some people understand how to do tasks better if it is in a visual format. My experience is, I understand and remember more if I read and then rewrite it. Since I did manage to figure out how to put video on the site, I will bring more video to you.

This is a short video showing in pictures  how to add imagery to your site, through the HTML code, that makes your site look the way it does.

I hope this is helpful, and you should expect more of these articles on this site.

How to remove “CoolSaleCoupon” (Virus Removal Guide)

Hey I’m back and now the long awaited sequel to the adware and virus story you read so much about.  I’m sorry these last posts were so wordy.

http://malwaretips.com/blogs/remove-coolsalecoupon-virus/
This page is a comprehensive guide, which will remove “CoolSaleCoupon” virus from your computer, and any other adware program that may have been installed during the setup process.
Please perform all the steps in the correct order. If you have any questions or doubt at any point, STOP and ask for our assistance.
STEP 1: Uninstall CoolSaleCoupon program from your computer
STEP 2: Remove “Ads by CoolSaleCoupon” virus from Internet Explorer, Firefox and Google Chrome
STEP 3: Remove CoolSaleCoupon adware from Internet Explorer, Firefox and Google Chrome with AdwCleaner
STEP 4: Remove “Ads by CoolSaleCoupon” virus with Malwarebytes Anti-Malware Free
STEP 5: Double-check for the “CoolSaleCoupon” malware with HitmanPro

STEP 1 : Uninstall CoolSaleCoupon program from your computer

In this first step, we will try to identify and remove any malicious program that might be installed on your computer.

To uninstall the CoolSaleCoupon program from Windows XP, Windows Vista or Windows 7, click the “Start” button, then click on the “Control Panel” menu option.
[Image: Control Panel in Windows Start Menu]
If you are using Windows 8, simply drag your mouse pointer to the right edge of the screen, select Search from the list and search for “control panel” .Or you can right-click on a bottom left hot corner (formerly known as the Start button) and select Control Panel from there.
[Image: Type Control Panel in Windows 8 search box]
When the “Control Panel” window opens click on the “Uninstall a program” option under “Programs” category. This option is shown by the arrow in the image below. If you are using the “Classic View” of the Control Panel, then you would double-click on the “Programs and Features” icon instead.
[Image: Uninstall a program]
When the “Programs and Features” or the “Uninstall a Program” screen is displayed, scroll through the list of currently installed programs and uninstall CoolSaleCoupon, Discount Cow, V-bates, PriceMeter, Supra Savings, weDownload Manager, PureLead, Search Assist, Re-Markable, Zombie Alert, Wajam, Coupon Server, Lollipop, HD-Total-Plus, BlockAndSurf, Safe Saver, SupTab, Search Protect, Lollipop, Software Updated Version, DP1815, Video Player, Convert Files for Free, Plus-HD 1.3, BetterSurf, Trusted Web, PassShow, LyricsBuddy-1, PureLeads, Media Player 1.1, RRSavings, Feven Pro 1.2, Websteroids, Savings Bull, TidyNetwork, Search Snacks, MyPC Backup, Re-markit and any other recently installed unknown program from your computer.
To view the most recently installed programs, you can click on the “Installed On” column to sort your program by the installation date. Scroll though the list, and uninstall any unwanted or unknown programs.
[Image: Uninstall CoolSaleCoupon from Windows]
Depending on what program has installed the CoolSaleCoupon adware infection, the above program may have a different name or not be installed on your computer. If you cannot find any unwanted or unknown programs on your machine, then you can proceed with the next step.
If you are having issues while trying to uninstall the CoolSaleCoupon program, you can use Revo Uninstaller to completely remove this unwanted program from your machine.

STEP 2: Remove “CoolSaleCoupon” Ads from Internet Explorer, Firefox and Google Chrome

Remove “Ads by CoolSaleCoupon” virus from Internet Explorer
You can reset Internet Explorer settings to return them to the state they were in when Internet Explorer was first installed on your PC.

Open Internet Explorer, click on the “gear icon” [Image: icongear.jpg] in the upper right part of your browser, then click again on Internet Options.
[Image: Internet Options in Internet Explorer]
In the “Internet Options” dialog box, click on the “Advanced” tab, then click on the “Reset” button.
[Image: Reset Internet Explorer]
In the “Reset Internet Explorer settings” section, select the “Delete personal settings” check box, then click on “Reset” button.
[Image: Reset Internet Explorer to its default settings to remove CoolSaleCoupon]
When Internet Explorer has completed its task, click on the “Close” button in the confirmation dialogue box. You will now need to close your browser, and then you can open Internet Explorer again.
[Image Reset Internet Explorer settings]
Remove “Ads by CoolSaleCoupon” virus from Mozilla Firefox
If you’re having problems with Firefox, resetting it can help. The reset feature fixes many issues by restoring Firefox to its factory default state while saving your essential information like bookmarks, passwords, web form auto-fill information, browsing history and open tabs.

In the upper-right corner of the Firefox window, click the Firefox menu button ([Image: Firefox Menu button]), the click on the “Help” ([Image: Firefox Help button]) button.
[Image: Click on the Menu button then Help]
From the Help menu, choose Troubleshooting Information.
[Image: Troubleshooting Information in Firefox]
Click the “Reset Firefox” button in the upper-right corner of the “Troubleshooting Information” page.
[Image: Reset Firefox to its default settings to remove CoolSaleCoupon]
To continue, click on the “Reset Firefox” button in the new confirmation window that opens.
[Image: Click on the Reset Firefox button]
Firefox will close itself and will revert to its default settings. When it’s done, a window will list the information that was imported. Click on the “Finish“.
Note: Your old Firefox profile will be placed on your desktop in a folder named “Old Firefox Data“. If the reset didn’t fix your problem you can restore some of the information not saved by copying files to the new profile that was created. If you don’t need this folder any longer, you should delete it as it contains sensitive information.

Remove “Ads by CoolSaleCoupon” virus from Google Chrome
Click on the “Chrome menu button” (Chrome menu) on the browser toolbar, select “Tools“, and then click on “Extensions“.
[Image: Extensions menu in Chrome]
In the “Extensions” tab, remove the CoolSaleCoupon any other unknown extensions by clicking the trash can [Image: Remove an extension from Chrome] icon.
Basically, if you have not installed an extensions then you should remove it from your web browser.
If you cannot remove the CoolSaleCoupon extension, and under the trash can you can see the “Installed by enterprise policy” text, then you will need to follow our “Remove Installed by enterprise policy extension from Chrome” guide.
[Image: Remove CoolSaleCoupon Chrome extensions]
STEP 3: Remove CoolSaleCoupon adware from Internet Explorer, Firefox and Google Chrome with AdwCleaner

The AdwCleaner utility will scan your computer and web browser for the “CoolSaleCoupon” malicious files, browser extensions and registry keys, that may have been installed on your computer without your knowledge.

You can download AdwCleaner utility from the below link.
ADWCLEANER DOWNLOAD LINK (This link will open a new web page from where you can download “AdwCleaner”)
Before starting AdwCleaner, close all open programs and internet browsers, then double-click on the AdwCleaner icon.
AdwCleaner Icon
If Windows prompts you as to whether or not you wish to run AdwCleaner, please allow it to run.
When the AdwCleaner program will open, click on the “Scan” button as shown below.
Click on Scan button to find CoolSaleCoupon virus
AdwCleaner will now start to search for the “CoolSaleCoupon” malicious files that may be installed on your computer.
To remove the “CoolSaleCoupon” malicious files that were detected in the previous step, please click on the “Clean” button.
Remove CoolSaleCoupon virus with AdwCleaner
AdwCleaner will now prompt you to save any open files or documents, as the program will need to reboot the computer. Please do so and then click on the OK button.
AdwCleaner removing CoolSaleCoupon virus
STEP 4: Remove “CoolSaleCoupon” virus with Malwarebytes Anti-Malware Free

Malwarebytes Anti-Malware Free uses industry-leading technology to detect and remove all traces of malware, including worms, Trojans, rootkits, rogues, dialers, spyware, and more.
It is important to note that Malwarebytes Anti-Malware works well and should run alongside antivirus software without conflicts.

You can download download Malwarebytes Anti-Malware from the below link.
MALWAREBYTES ANTI-MALWARE DOWNLOAD LINK (This link will open a new web page from where you can download “Malwarebytes Anti-Malware Free”)
Once downloaded, close all programs, then double-click on the icon on your desktop named “mbam-setup-consumer-2.00.xx” to start the installation of Malwarebytes Anti-Malware.
[Image: Malwarebytes Anti-Malware setup program]
Picture of User Account Control You may be presented with a User Account Control dialog asking you if you want to run this file. If this happens, you should click “Yes” to continue with the installation.
When the installation begins, you will see the Malwarebytes Anti-Malware Setup Wizard which will guide you through the installation process.
[Image: Malwarebytes Anti-Malware Setup Wizard]
To install Malwarebytes Anti-Malware on your machine, keep following the prompts by clicking the “Next” button.
[Image: Malwarebytes Anti-Malware Final Setup Screen]
Once installed, Malwarebytes Anti-Malware will automatically start and you will see a message stating that you should update the program, and that a scan has never been run on your system. To start a system scan you can click on the “Fix Now” button.
[Image: Click on the Fix Now button to start a scan]
Alternatively, you can click on the “Scan” tab and select “Threat Scan“, then click on the “Scan Now” button.
[Image: Malwarebytes Anti-Malware Threat Scan]
Malwarebytes Anti-Malware will now check for updates, and if there are any, you will need to click on the “Update Now” button.
[Image: Click on Update Now to update Malwarebytes Anti-Malware]
Malwarebytes Anti-Malware will now start scanning your computer for the CoolSaleCoupon virus. When Malwarebytes Anti-Malware is scanning it will look like the image below.
[Image: Malwarebytes Anti-Malware while performing a scan]
When the scan has completed, you will now be presented with a screen showing you the malware infections that Malwarebytes’ Anti-Malware has detected. To remove the malicious programs that Malwarebytes Anti-malware has found, click on the “Quarantine All” button, and then click on the “Apply Now” button.
[Image: Remove CoolSaleCoupon with Malwarebytes Anti-Malware]
Please note that the infections found may be different than what is shown in the image.
Malwarebytes Anti-Malware will now quarantine all the malicious files and registry keys that it has found. When removing the files, Malwarebytes Anti-Malware may require a reboot in order to remove some of them. If it displays a message stating that it needs to reboot your computer, please allow it to do so.
[Image: Malwarebytes Anti-Malware removing CoolSaleCoupon]
After your computer will restart, you should open Malwarebytes Anti-Malware and perform another “Threat Scan” scan to verify that there are no remaining threats
STEP 5: Double-check for the “CoolSaleCoupon” malware infection with HitmanPro

HitmanPro is a second opinion scanner, designed to rescue your computer from malware (viruses, trojans, rootkits, etc.) that have infected your computer despite all the security measures you have taken (such as anti-virus software, firewalls, etc.). HitmanPro is designed to work alongside existing security programs without any conflicts. It scans the computer quickly (less than 5 minutes) and does not slow down the computer.

You can download HitmanPro from the below link:
HITMANPRO DOWNLOAD LINK (This link will open a new web page from where you can download “HitmanPro”)
Double-click on the file named “HitmanPro.exe” (for 32-bit versions of Windows) or “HitmanPro_x64.exe” (for 64-bit versions of Windows). When the program starts you will be presented with the start screen as shown below.
[Image: HitmanPro start-up screen]
Click on the “Next” button, to install HitmanPro on your computer.
[Image: HitmanPro setup options]
HitmanPro will now begin to scan your computer for CoolSaleCoupon malicious files.
[Image: HitmanPro scanning for malware]
When it has finished it will display a list of all the malware that the program found as shown in the image below. Click on the “Next” button, to remove CoolSaleCoupon virus.
[Image: HitmanPro scan results]
Click on the “Activate free license” button to begin the free 30 days trial, and remove all the malicious files from your computer.
[Image: HitmanPro Activate Free License]
Your computer should now be free of the CoolSaleCoupon adware infection. If your current anti-virus solution let this infection through, you may want to consider purchasing the Premium version of Malwarebytes Anti-Malware to protect against these types of threats in the future, and perform regular computer scans with HitmanPro.
If you are still experiencing problems while trying to remove CoolSaleCoupon adware from your machine, please start a new thread in our Malware Removal Assistance forum.

IT’S YOUR TURN TO HELP!
If we have managed to help with your computer issues, then please let other people know that this article will help them!
You can share this article on Facebook,Twitter or Google Plus by using the below buttons.

IT’S YOUR TURN TO HELP!
If we have managed to help with your computer issues, then please let other people know that this article will help them!
You can share this article on Facebook,Twitter or Google Plus by using the below buttons.
ABOUT STELIAN PILICI
I am the creator and owner of MalwareTips.com.
My area of expertise includes malware removal and computer forensics. I’m active in the various online anti-malware communities where I do researches for new malware threats as they are released.
I live in Bucharest (Romania), where I run my own local computer repair shop.
I repair both hardware and other operating systems related issues, however most of my business is malware related problems.
You can follow me on Google+ , and I will keep you up-to-date with the latest computer infections and malware threats.

SUPPORT MALWARETIPS! (OPTIONAL)
All our malware removal guides and utilities are completely free!
We do not request any kind of payment for our services, however if you like to support us with our website costs, you can make a small donation. Any amount is appreciated, and will support our fight against malware.
PayPal – The safer, easier way to pay online!

 http://malwaretips.com/blogs/remove-coolsalecoupon-virus/

 

What is CoolSaleCoupon?

Hey folks, there is a bunch of adware running rampant.  My computer got infected and I thought you might want to check yours.

 

http://malwaretips.com/blogs/remove-coolsalecoupon-virus/
CoolSaleCoupon is advertised as a programs that displays coupons for sites you are visiting and competitive prices when you are viewing product pages at sites like Amazon. Though this may sound like a useful service, the CoolSaleCoupon program can be intrusive and will display ads whether you want them to or not.
The CoolSaleCoupon adware infection is designed specifically to make money. It generates web traffic, collects sales leads for other dubious sites, and will display advertisements and sponsored links within your web browser.

When installed, the CoolSaleCoupon browser extension will display advertising banners, pop-up advertisements and in-text ads, stating that they are brought to you by “CoolSaleCoupon”.
These ads are aimed to promote the installation of additional questionable content including web browser toolbars, optimization utilities and other products, all so the CoolSaleCoupon publisher can generate pay-per-click revenue.
When infected with CoolSaleCoupon the common symptoms include:
– Advertising banners are injected with the web pages that you are visiting.
– Random web page text is turned into hyperlinks.
– Browser pop ups appear which recommend fake updates or other software.
– Other unwanted adware programs might get installed without the user’s knowledge.

How did got CoolSaleCoupon on my computer?

CoolSaleCoupon is an adware program that is commonly bundled with other free programs that you download off of the Internet.
Unfortunately, some free downloads do not adequately disclose that other software will also be installed and you may find that you have installed CoolSaleCoupon without your knowledge. CoolSaleCoupon is typically added when you install another free software that had bundled into their installation this adware program. Most commonly CoolSaleCoupon is bundled within the installers from CNet, Softonic or other similar custom third-party installers.

You should always pay attention when installing software because often, a software installer includes optional installs, such as this CoolSaleCoupon adware. Be very careful what you agree to install.
Always opt for the custom installation and deselect anything that is not familiar, especially optional software that you never wanted to download and install in the first place.
It goes without saying that you should not install software that you don’t trust.

CoolSaleCoupon Overview:

CoolSaleCoupon will inject pop-up ads, advertising banners and in-text ads within your web browser
Adware detected in the CoolSaleCoupon program
Integrates into the web browser via the CoolSaleCoupon browser extension
Typically distributed through a pay-per-install bundle or with third-party software (example: CNET installer, Softonic Installer, InstallRex installer and many more)
CoolSaleCoupon has a poor reputation within the MalwareTips Community
How to remove “CoolSaleCoupon” (Virus)

    http://malwaretips.com/blogs/remove-coolsalecoupon-virus/

Blogging For Bucks

 

I tried Internet Marketing, in a very poor fashion a couple of years ago.  I am not a salesman.  I found that out when I was a kid.  I couldn’t sell anyone Green Thumb Lawn Service, even when their lawn looked like crap!

 

I couldn’t sell a convict a set of keys to handcuffs, let alone market crud that no one seems to want.  I affiliated with various companies that supposedly sold reputable goods, and never saw a dime.  I advertised, put up Adsense, tried to entice people to look at my wares, and accomplished absolutely nothing.  Well actually I probably wrecked my reputation.

 

Even so, I still click on some of those ads that suggest I can make money by doing a particular thing. I know there are scammers out there, and folks that aren’t scamming but don’t really know what the product is.

 

I have a computer full of neat stuff promising to make me anywhere from $ 23 – $1000 per day. Cash Cows, Money Bots, Secret Software, Reports, Tips, Ebooks, Video, and charts with graphs, pictures, instructions, and most of it seems to be garbage.

 

Now there’s Blogging For Bucks, and if you can set up a blog, and figure out a paying ” Niche”.  You   can proclaim your expertise in your field, and get everybody to come by and spend their money at your site.  It could happen!

 

It never happened for me but that’s because I don’t know what I’m doing in any meaning of the words.  I can hardly make a post, let alone be able to sell you the keys to the cuffs that bind us.  Yet I still collect ideas and promises of Making Money On The Internet.

 

So you ask, how does this relate to the title of this article?  Blogging tips.  Do’s and don’ts of blogging.  Blogging tips, how to monetize your blog, and more tips on how to blog and let others provide you with content, and all of those types of ideas.  Lazy Blogging 101.

 

Here are some ebooks if you are interested.  They are free and can be downloaded, or you can read them right here at my place.  If you are gonna stay please don’t drink all the coffee, because I am coming right back, and I really need it.  I’ll see you in a couple of hours, so wait around for me!

BloggingforBigBucks              BloggingSecrets_v87owb2sed                8 key steps to blogging

 

Using WordPad

photo - wordpad

wordpad

Wordpad Tutorial, Keyboard shortcuts and exercises V2  EBOOK DOWNLOAD

A fellow blogger was outraged the other day as their work was lost due to a minor glitch. I tried to help, after the fact, which really wasn’t much help at all. That did make me think maybe I could help by showing everyone what wordpad can do. I tend to do most of my writing on wordpad.
I also picked up a pdf file on wordpad, with all sorts of tips on how to use it. The pdf also has a couple of pages telling you all of the keyboard shortcuts available, how to highlight words, and how to do almost anything you may want to do.

Wordpad Tutorial, Keyboard shortcuts and exercises V2   DOWNLOAD EBOOK

Using WordPad

In this article
Create, open, and save documents
Format documents
Insert dates and pictures to documents
View documents
Change page margins
Print documents
WordPad is a text-editing program you can use to create and edit documents. Unlike Notepad, WordPad documents can include rich formatting and graphics, and you can link to or embed objects, such as pictures or other documents.
WordPad window

Create, open, and save documents
Click to open WordPad.
Use the following commands to create, open, or save documents:

To Do this
Create a new document Click the WordPad menu button , and then click New.
Open a document Click the WordPad menu button , and then click Open.
Save a document Click the WordPad menu button , and then click Save.
Save a document with a new name or format Click the WordPad menu button , point to Save as, and then click the format you want to save the document in.
Note
WordPad can be used to open and save text documents (.txt), rich text files (.rtf), Word documents (.docx), and OpenDocument Text (.odt) documents. Documents in other formats are opened as plain text documents and might not appear as expected.

Work faster in WordPad
There’s a quick way to put the commands you use most often in WordPad within easy reach—put them on the Quick Access Toolbar above the ribbon.
To add a WordPad command to the Quick Access Toolbar, right-click a button or command, and then click Add to Quick Access Toolbar.

Format documents
Formatting refers to how the text in your document looks as well as how it’s arranged. You can use the ribbon, located just underneath the title bar to easily change the formatting in your document. For example, you can choose from many different fonts and font sizes, and you can make your text almost any color you want. You can also easily change how your document is aligned.
Click to open WordPad.
Use the following commands to change the formatting of your document:

To Do this
Change how text looks in your document Select the text that you want to change, and then use the buttons on the Home tab in the Font group. For more information about what each button does, hover over the button for a description.
Change how text is aligned in your document Select the text that you want to change, and then use the buttons on the Home tab in the Paragraph group. For more information about what each button does, hover over the button for a description.

Insert dates and pictures to documents
Click to open WordPad.
Use the following commands to insert the current date or a picture:

To Do this
Insert the current date On the Home tab, in the Insert group, click Date and time.
Click the format you want, and then click OK.
Insert a picture On the Home tab, in the Insert group, click Picture.
Locate the picture that you want to insert, and then click Open.
Insert a drawing On the Home tab, in the Insert group, click Paint drawing.
Create the drawing that you want to insert and then close Paint.

View documents
Click to open WordPad.
Use the following commands to view documents:

To Do this
Increase or decrease the zoom level On the View tab, in the Zoom group, click Zoom in or Zoom out.
View the document at its actual size On the View tab, in the Zoom group, click 100%.
Display the ruler On the View tab, in the Show or hide group, select the Ruler check box.
Display the status bar On the View tab, in the Show or hide group, select the Status bar check box.
Change the word wrap settings On the View tab, in the Settings group, click Word wrap, and then click the setting that you want.
Change the unit of measurement on the ruler On the View tab, in the Settings group, click Measurement units, and then click the units that you want.
Tip
To zoom in and out in a document, you can also click the Zoom in or Zoom out buttons on the Zoom slider in the lower-right corner of the window to increase or decrease the zoom level.
Zoom slider

Change page margins
Click to open WordPad.
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Save The Internet

http://cerf.convio.net/site/Survey?SURVEY_ID=5740&ACTION_REQUIRED=URI_ACTION_USER_REQUESTS&AddInterest=1341

There is trouble brewing for all of us internet users. I will ask you to urge the FCC to reclassify the Internet as a “common carrier” under Title II of the Telecommunications Act. That would protect “net neutrality” and ensure basic consumer protections for Internet service.

The big cable and telecom companies are leading the fight to completely deregulate Internet service. These companies want to squash competition, water down consumer protections, discriminate against certain web traffic, and spark higher rates and slower speeds for everyday consumers like us.

Consumers need the FCC to take a stand against these giants. Please, protect net neutrality and fight for the free and open Internet. Please, forward the petition to your friends so they can fight for the open Internet, too!

Solar System Simulation Reveals Planetary Mystery – Astrobiology Magazine

Hey readers, this is a re-blog of an earlier story.  I can only take credit for pushing a couple of buttons.  This is a lot like stealing so I give credit for this post to Astrobiology Magazine.  Another by the way, I decided not to condense this article, as it would not be as good, nor as informative.

via Solar System Simulation Reveals Planetary Mystery – Astrobiology Magazine.

Solar System Simulation Reveals Planetary Mystery

A snapshot of weather patterns around Mars, including blue-white ice clouds that are visible above the Red Planet's Tharsis volcanoes. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS

When we look at the Solar System, what clues show us how it formed? We can see pieces of its formation in asteroids, comets and other small bodies that cluster on the fringes of our neighborhood (and sometimes, fly closer to Earth.)

Are the orbits and sizes of the planets a natural byproduct of the formation, or are there features that happened because of rare events? Scientists are focused on answering these questions to better understand how the Earth formed, and what this means for Earth-like planets around other stars.

For example, a new set of simulations showed that Mars is a rare planet. It can happen, but only in certain situations — at least, if the parameters of the simulations are correct. Are these assumptions correct, or do other initial conditions need to be explored?

Finding the answers to these questions not only helps us understand where Mars comes from, but also our own planet. This is interesting to astrobiologists because the Red Planet has extensive evidence of past water.

Results from the Opportunity, Spirit and Curiosity rovers on the Martian surface came across features that form in the presence of water, such as mineralized iron oxide known as hematite, or”blueberries,” because of its shape.

“The formation of Mars is a long-standing problem. Most previous studies like this have not been able to reproduce an object with Mars’ mass,” said Rebecca Fischer, a doctoral candidate in geophysical sciences at the University of Chicago, who led the research.

“It is possible to reproduce Mars, but it only happens 5 percent of the time. If you only ran four simulations, you wouldn’t see it happen,” she says.

Fischer’s work, called “Dynamics of the terrestrial planets from a large number of N-body simulations,” appeared in the journal Earth and Planetary Science Letters in April.

Jupiter and Saturn formed first

Fischer, who is a geologist by training, is interested in how the Earth came to be. Like other planets in the Solar System, the Earth arose from a cloud of gas and dust about 5 billion years ago. Over time, this cloud coalesced into chunks of material. The chunks collided and combined, eventually forming the planets and moons that we see today.

A montage of the planets and some of the moons in our solar system, not to scale. Credit: NASA/JPL

Predicting what conditions would form the eight planets of our solar system, however, is an extreme challenge. It requires modelling interactions over millions of years, and taking into account things such as how the orbits of the gas giant planets — specifically Jupiter and Saturn — affected how the Inner Solar System planets came to be.

Previous simulations of the Solar System formation were limited to just a few trials. Until this most recent work, the largest number of simulations, a total of 12, were described in a 2009 research paper called “Building the terrestrial planets: Constrained accretion in the inner Solar System.” (The research was published in Icarus and is also available in preprint version on Arxiv.)

It is believed that Jupiter and Saturn formed before the Inner Solar System because they have so much gas inside of them. Similarly to the young Sun, these planets would have scooped up gas floating around in the vicinity. The gas would have only remained in the Solar System for a short time before the Sun’s radiation blew it out of the Solar System, implying that the gas giant came together quickly. The gas giants were able to hold on to the gas because of their immense gravity.

For that reason, the model started with the assumption that Jupiter and Saturn existed when the Inner Solar System was still being formed. The researchers ran two sets of 50 simulations — one with Jupiter and Saturn close to the eccentric orbits that they have today, and one with Jupiter and Saturn in more circular orbits.

“We formed two to six Inner Solar System planets in our simulations, usually,” Fischer says. “We do see something that looks like a Venus analog. Mercury is much harder. We see maybe one good analog out of all the simulations. That’s something, that really no simulations are producing Mercury, so there’s probably something wrong in the way of thinking about that.”

Fischer acknowledged that the results may tell scientists that forming Mars and Mercury are low-probability events — possible, but rare. Or, the simulation may show scientists that the assumptions they have about the Solar System need to be revisited. These are matters that will need to be addressed in future research, she said.

Building Earth

Besides forming the planets, the research also looked into how the presence of other planets affected how the Earth is formed. For example, our planet includes “volatiles” such as water on its surface. Is it possible that the mass of Mars changed how much water the Earth accreted? Fischer’s simulations revealed that the amount of water on Earth appears to be independent of Mars.

The orbits of Jupiter and Saturn may have affected how much water, nitrogen and carbon was delivered to Earth early in its history. Credit: NASA

What Fischer did notice, however, is that the orbits of Jupiter and Saturn greatly affected the amount of volatiles that were delivered to the Inner Solar System where Earth is. Water and some organic materials originate in the Outer Solar System, hence the reason that comets come from a hypothetical region called the Oort Cloud. This region has a large group of icy objects that are believed to be about 5,000 to 100,000 astronomical units (Earth-sun distances) from the Sun.

These icy objects remain far out in the Solar System, unless the orbits of the gas giants kick them closer to the Sun. A planet like Earth, which was in the process of accreting water, nitrogen and carbon (all important for life), likely depended a lot on the material that the gas giants delivered.

Fischer found that the formerly circular orbits of early Jupiter and Saturn enabled the gas giants to deliver much of the volatiles into the Inner Solar System, a situation that would not be as possible with today’s more eccentric orbits.

Models have come up with a few scenarios of Jupiter’s and Saturn’s orbits while the inner planets were forming. Perhaps their orbits crossed, or orbits moved towards the Sun and back out, but the reasons behind this are poorly understood.

How rare is our solar system?

Understanding how the Solar System is put together also has implications for life beyond Earth. If it is, indeed, rare for certain planets to form, this could also make it rarer for life to exist in the Universe. So far, Fischer said, scientists haven’t been able to replicate the Solar System in models.

It is difficult to form Mercury in solar system simulations, suggesting that some of our assumptions about the small planet's formation might be wrong, a new study suggests. NASA/Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory/Carnegie Institution of Washington

“There’s a lot of discussion over the philosophy of how to approach this, whether you look for the Solar System as the most likely outcome, or whether you should look for conditions that can produce the Solar System. Currently, there’s no configuration that has been proposed that forms the Solar System most of the time.”

For further studies, Fischer is interested in how the Solar System’s formation could have affected the Earth’s interior. For the planets coming together in the simulation, she will calculate how the incoming material is distributed between the Earth’s core and mantle, the latter of which changes as a function of pressure and temperature in the Earth’s core.

These simulations will help to pinpoint the temperature of Earth’s core, which is unknown. The Earth’s active surface, shaped by volcanic eruptions and earthquakes, is sometimes cited as a reason that life exists because it provides energy and change for organisms.

While the presence of Mars might be a rare situation for our solar system, it is a lucky one for astrobiologists. It is believed that studying Mars is good for understanding different conditions under which life could have happened, even if we’re not sure life was ever there yet.

– See more at: http://www.astrobio.net/news-exclusive/solar-system-simulation-reveals-planetary-mystery/#sthash.zyN5cIjD.dpuf