Human beings came from another planet, not Earth

We keep studying Human history, looking for the answers to the thousand questions, involving WHO WE ARE. The deeper we delve into these things, more questions insert themselves into our curiosity of OUR ORIGINS. Religion doesn’t answer all of the questions. I don’t believe we are truly any smarter, than were earlier in history. (Knowledge is not the same as Smarts)

We know an impressive amount now, as some history had been recorded for posterity’s sake. As we learn to interpret other writing styles of ancient man, we may finally bring more ” TRUTH ” forward, and answer more of those questions that continually plague us. There will never be a time in Human history, whereby we’ve learned enough to have no questions left to answer.

Theories abound, as to this subject. I figure I could have a ” NICHE ” just on this one post, and have millions of articles posted in no time at all. Maybe I will ©. yes I just copyrighted that epiphany, so you just leave it alone!

Anyway….Here’s one such theory, and raised just as many questions as it might seem to answer. BTW…I certainly don’t know what’s really TRUE, and what’s total bull crap, so if we can all keep an open mind, this is only for entertainment. The poster child of this post does not endorse, nor has any affiliations with ” those responsible for the following theories “.  p.s. I also wanted to include this link, please check out this post https://opherworld.wordpress.com/2015/03/15/anthropocene-apocalypse-population-explosion-the-biggest-threat-to-humans-and-most-other-life-on-earth/  as it only makes you wonder even more, Thanks Opher for that fine post, to inspire me to bringing everyone this post.  You are great ( inspirational even ).  Sorry, I have to ask you to look at this too.   http://mindfuldigressions.com/2015/03/15/evolution-schmevolution/

geothermal energy

Now is the time to invest in real geothermal energy

Thousands of drilling rigs are idle. Why not put laid-off roustabouts to work drilling for renewable energy?

Hey, if we can drill for oil, we can drill for heat. (Photo: Getty Images, Roustabouts at Spindletop)

In a recent post on ground source heat pumps, I purposely used a photo of a geothermal installation in Iceland to make the point that geothermal energy was a very different thing. Many complained that I obviously didn’t know what I was talking about (“The big clue starts with the picture at the top which is NOT a geothermal heat pump system.”) Well, duh — that was the whole point. Geothermal power is a very different thing and a very important source of renewable energy.
With true geothermal energy systems, the heat of the Earth’s interior is used to make steam, which drives turbines, just like coal or nuclear plants do. This heat is close enough to tap at geologic faults, so the hot spots are along the Pacific rim and Iceland, the geothermal capital of the world. Almost every building in Iceland is heated by hot water, and all the country’s electricity is made using geothermal steam. There is so much of it that there is talk of building a multibillion dollar submarine cable to Scotland. Meanwhile, the United States has 3,500 megawatts of installed geothermal electrical power, about 30 percent of the world’s supply. It could have a lot more.
And thanks to the drop in the price of oil, now might be a good time to drill, baby, drill for geothermal energy. According to Bloomberg, drillers are parking rigs as oil prices collapse and have laid off thousands of workers. According to Reuters, “Oil drilling in the United States will continue to fall in the first half of this year, and could even halve, according to major oil service companies looking to past slowdowns as a guide.”
North of the border in Alberta, Canada’s oil powerhouse, they are trying to put those drills and workers to work on geothermal. According to Corporate Knights, it’s a big opportunity, a silver lining for the geothermal industry. The head of the Canadian Geothermal Energy Association (CanGEA), Alison Thompson, is teaching drillers how to adapt oil technology to geothermal drilling.
“These drilling rig operators are selling their services right now at half the price,” said Thompson. “So this is a prime opportunity for us to be more cost-competitive, but to also get out-of-work people back to work.”
Tyler Hamilton of Corporate Knights notes that it’s tough to find drillers when the times are good in the oil patch; that’s where the big money is. However it’s a very different market right now.
“It’s just such a wonderful opportunity to have some cost decreases in our own industry,” Thompson said. “Now, when they find themselves out of work, we’re welcoming them with open arms.”
Tech transfer from the oil industry is actually happening in the geothermal world; Norway’s Statoil is drilling for geothermal in Iceland, and Chevron is a big player in geothermal, although it recently pulled back because, well, nothing is as profitable as oil, or at least wasn’t last year.
geothermal sites in U.S.
Red is hot, hot hot! (Photo: U.S. Energy information agency)
According to an MIT study of Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS), geothermal energy could change the whole energy picture in America.
Geothermal energy from EGS represents a large, indigenous resource that can provide base-load electric power and heat at a level that can have a major impact on the United States, while incurring minimal environmental impacts. With a reasonable investment in R&D, EGS could provide 100 GWe or more of cost­competitive generating capacity in the next 50 years. Further, EGS provides a secure source of power for the long term that would help protect America against economic instabilities resulting from fuel price fluctuations or supply disruptions.
Stanford economist Paul Romer noted in 2004 that “a crisis is a terrible thing to waste.” The oil drilling industry and its workers are certainly having a crisis right now. Why not put them to work on the real geothermal energy right now?
Related on MNN and TreeHugger:

Related Topics:

Read more: http://www.mnn.com/earth-matters/energy/stories/now-is-the-time-to-invest-in-real-geothermal-energy#ixzz3SaqXffap

After The Call

(This is just the mind doing its job. No real action happens yet).

Sunday at 6:00 am the phone goes off. Family emergency, do
something! We are free, aside from monetary difficulties, to help. So
let’s get this show on the road. We will drive, airfare and departure
schedules don’t work for us.

What about all of the home projects, unfinished tent-like structures,
the garden, the dogs and cat? Firewood enough for a few weeks,
but winter is almost here! The generators, and rigs that need fixing
before snow, will they just fix themselves?
Don’t panic. Do what you can do, ask someone to help with some of the rest. Figure out what we absolutely need and pack light, don’t get carried away with over-packing, after all, what do you really need with you when you go to a hospital to learn of their condition?

The garden isn’t quite ready for harvest. Still lots of beans, radishes, peas, and squash. The tomatoes aren’t even close to ripe, and the cucumbers are still growing. Should have planted much earlier in the season. The gourds are almost there, and soon the onions will be ready for picking too. The peppers need more time too….

Make sure the fence is solid so the steer don’t help themselves to dinner. Tie down tarps better, move obvious stealable things. Tools, machinery, small carryable things people like to walk away with, the guitar, the old computer, the inverter, all of those little things, stash them all.

The dogs and cat? Memphis, the cat can take care of himself, just leave food out, hopefully he will eat the mice and pack-rats that try to eat his dinner. The dogs? Another can of worms! ( you may find this was posted in the worm category)

The dogs would rather be stuck in a hot small enclosed space with us, than be left behind. The trouble with that is we have to go to California, and those folks are not happy with people who are doing what they have to do. Cruelty to animals, letting them waste away in a small, hot stuffy car. We can’t even think of the cost of boarding them, that just isn’t in the budget we still have to borrow to do this thing.

A neighbor said he would look after the dogs, after all, it’s only going to be a few days, right? There’s plenty of food, two 50 pound bags we bought just the other day. The neighbor will hang out while we leave, and then check on the place daily, and feed water the animals and garden as required. That should cover it. No stone left unturned?

The car? Well it just got back from a 700 mile trip, over the course of 2 days, but it will probably make it just fine. (more worms) Just clean it out, and pack it. Tools in case something breaks, no dogs on this trip, we can put some stuff in the back seat for easy retrieval. What are we forgetting? I guess that should cover it, we’ll see what we really need, or should do after the fact. Wish we had hindsight before we need it!

Why Am I Here?

part 1.
On October 12th of 2014, my eldest son, his wife and their two children were in a horrific car accident. My wife and I got word of that at 6:00 am. It was a Sunday morning. 3 days prior we had gone over the mountains to be in town, to visit with them.

We had a pleasant visit with all of the children. 4 of our kids live 60 miles north of Seattle Washington. (All of the kids are grown, and living their own lives). The youngest is 25 and the eldest is 38. The eldest has a family and lives in the Reno Nevada area.

6 am, bad news. The family is in a hospital in Redding California. We called around to see who could do whatever was needed, and Mrs. Squatch and I got the golden ticket. We live in the hills, basically retired. Since we didn’t have to worry about employer attitudes regarding absences, we packed what we thought we would need and headed for Redding. (More interesting tales, what to do about the place, the dogs, cat, garden, firewood, and more).

Where do I start? The obstacles? I live in a remote area. The big town, the county seat only has a population of 42,763, and it is 50 miles from my place. That’s where the Wal-Mart and McDonald’s is. The airport is one of those that can’t land anything very big,and the next closest bigger airport is 160 miles away. The North Cascade Highway was already closed that late in Oct., and the Seattle terminal was 250 miles away.

The Wenatchee airport does have a connecting flight to Seattle, where I could buy passage to Sacramento Ca. Options? I could drive to Wenatchee and catch a flight to seattle, but not on sunday. Option 2, we can Drive to Seattle and catch a flight to Sac., and rent a car, and drive 240 miles north to Redding.

We went with option 3 that I never mentioned. We decided that we could get there faster if we just drove. ( Here is where I tell you how we actually got outta the mountains, and all of the adventure a 60-year-old guy recognizes).

We arrived in Redding Monday morning, the accident had happened around 2 or 3 am, sunday. My son’s wife, and the youngest of the kids were hurt, but not needing admission to the hospital were discharged. The other two, my son and his daughter were severely injured. Broken and more, and in the I.C.U. ward.

We spent a week in Redding, and there will be tales in the telling on that. Sunday came, and our son was patched up enough to be sent home to heal. Our grand-daughter wouldn’t be released yet, and we wouldn’t be able to stay with her as ” politics”, seem to get in the way of that. ( Here’s where another adventure happens) I can’t stop it here, so I’ll answer the Question….there are too many ways of responding to why am I here.

WE, my wife and I are here in the Reno area helping family. That is one reason. I can’t even number the true answer to that. I guess you will find out more later….in the continuing saga of my journey.

Rare Historical Photos Pt. 2 [19 Pics]

2012   http://iliketowastemytime.com/2012/10/02/rare-historical-photos-pt-2-19-pics

Our first post highlighting rare photos was quite successful (1,300 views). Now you can travel back in time again with our second installment of interesting historical photos. Enjoy!

Charles Duke's Apollo 16 mission Family Photo

During the Apollo 16 mission, Charles Duke left a family photo on the moon that was enclosed in a plastic bag.

F4U Corsair crashes

Vought F4U Corsair crashes on the deck of a carrier when the arresting gear failed. Most likely sometime during WW2 in the Pacific Theater.

Cuban Missile Crisis JFK JBL

John F. Kennedy at NASA’s Cape Canaveral Missile Test Annex in 1962.

Last photo ever taken of the Titanic

The following photo is believed to be the last photo ever taken of the RMS Titanic before it sunk in April 1912.

Oldest driveable car on Earth

1884 De Dion, Bouton et Trepardou Dos-à-Dos is the oldest running car on the planet. It was the first car to participate in an automobile race.

First photo of space

This photo was taken in space right after World War II (1946). A team of soldiers and scientists used a German-made V-2 missile equipped with a camera to capture this shot. Making it the first photo in space.

Formal Surrender of Japan in 1945

Douglas MacArthur signing the official Japanese surrender instrument aboard the USS Missouri, 1945.

Hitler looking at the 'Gustav' railway gun

Hitler inspecting the massive 800mm “Schwerer Gustav” railway gun from afar. It was the largest-calibre rifled weapon ever used in combat, and fired the heaviest shells of any artillery piece.

General George S Pattons dog on the day of his death

George S. Patton‘s Dog, Willie, mourning his best friend on the day of his death.

Goebbels Wedding (Hitler in the back)

Joseph Goebbels on his wedding day. Hitler was his best man and can be seen behind him in a trench coat and top hat.

Lt. Custer and his troops in 1862

George Armstrong Custer and some of his fellow soldiers, during the American Civil War.

Opening King Tut's Sarcophagus

Howard Carter, an English archaeologist, examining the opened sarcophagus of King Tut.

RAF pilot getting a haircut between missions

An RAF pilot getting a haircut while reading a book between missions.

Manfred von Richthofen and his dog

Manfred von Richthofen, aka “The Red Baron”, petting his dog on an airfield.

Real Samurai

Samurai. ~ 1860 – 1880

SAS team in North Africa, 1943

A team of SAS soldiers in North Africa, 1943.

Soviet Soldiers take a break near Berlin

Soviet soldiers stop for a break in 1945 on the outskirts of Berlin.

Tsar Nicholas and his friend 1899

Tsar Nicholas II goofing around with his friend in 1899.

Disney brothers, wives and mom when they opened the studio

Walt and Roy O. Disney on the day that they opened the Disney studio. Beside them are their wives and mother.

Young and Duke training for Apollo 16

John Young and Charles Duke training for the Apollo 16 mission in the New Mexico desert.

 http://iliketowastemytime.com/2012/10/02/rare-historical-photos-pt-2-19-pics

 

18 Photos That Will Make You Reconsider Your Existence!

on 17 February, 2015 at 16:21

https://i0.wp.com/themindunleashed.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/rosettaaa.jpg
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The human species is great, but its tendency to claim superiority may be its affliction. View these photos and challenge your perspective.

The human race has an affliction of assumed superiority. Apparently with the advent of fire, the Homo erectus brain swelled to a proportion that allowed the capability to learn and develop language, fiddle with technology, and form meaningful relationships with others.

What didn’t happen with this ‘so-called’ jump in evolution, however, was the capability to live from a space of compassion, commune with nature, and respect (or easily perceive) the innate force that ties all together.

While human beings continue to transcend previous levels of innovation, intellect, and comprehension in self and the ‘Spirit’ of life, as a collective their air of superiority still reins supreme.

Which is why we suggest everyone take a good, long look at the photos gathered by diply below and really size up their existence in proportion to the majesty which exists in the rest of the universe.

FIRST, LET’S START OFF WITH YOU.

Credit: Diply

AT 30,000 FEET, THIS IS WHAT YOU LOOK LIKE:

Credit: Flickr / Benjy

AT 100,000 FEET, THIS IS YOU:

Credit: Wikipedia

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Credit: Wikipedia

AND FROM 127,852 FEET (WITH FELIX BAUMGARTNER JUMPING OUT A CAPSULE IN THE STRATOSPHERE), TAKE A GOOD LOOK…

Credit: Gen Beta

230,000 MILES AWAY, YOU’RE PRETTY SMALL, RIGHT?

Credit: Iz / Smile

WOW – IN COMPARISON TO THE SUN, YOU’RE TINY!

Credit: Diply Facebook

IN THE MILKY WAY GALAXY, EARTH ISN’T EVEN IN THE SCALE PHOTO.

Credit: Compu-smart

DON’T FRET. HOW ABOUT SOME MORE CONTRAST?

Credit: Compu-smart

THIS IS ROSETTA’S COMET. A PROBE WAS RECENTLY LANDED ON IT, AND THIS IS HOW BIG IT IS IN COMPARISON TO LOS ANGELES:

Credit: mental_floss

TIME FOR A SELFIE! THIS IS EARTH IN SPACE. GORGEOUS, HUH?

Credit: Upworthy

AND IF YOU’RE NOT VISUAL, MATH CAN BREAK IT DOWN:

Credit: Fatherly Advice and Rants

LET’S INTRODUCE SOME PERSPECTIVE:

Credit: Diply

Credit: DIply

HUMBLED YET?

Credit: Diply

50 MILLION LIGHT YEARS AWAY…

Credit: Arizona Skycenter

AND FINALLY, THE GRAND SCHEME:

Credit: ESO

THIS IS THE MILKY WAY. IT BOASTS OVER A BILLION STARS:

Credit: The University of Edinburgh

…BUT WAIT. YOU STILL MATTER.

Credit: Fractal Dimensions

Just because the Universe is mighty, doesn’t diminish the importance of a single life or the beauty that exists on plant Earth. We’re just hoping some perspective might introduce some well-needed humility to the human race.

Credits: trueactivist.com

10 sea Creatures You Won’t Believe Exist

Hey y’all, I don’t know what is real, and what is fancy Photoshop, so you can try to figure it out for yourselves.  I hope it’s entertaining.

 

10 sea Creatures You Won’t Believe Exist
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pGBNLxPMhhI

Unidentified Creature
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ad-yoJHjQok

48 METERS GIANT SQUID FOUND IN CALIFORNIA? JANUARY 10, 2014 (EXPLAINED)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WmL5jFo11f4

Like I said, you can judge for yourselves, and feel free to tell me what you think. Thanks for coming by also.

GIANT HUMAN SKELETONS discovered at 7 separate gravesites!

http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2007/12/071214-giant-skeleton.html

“Skeleton of Giant” Is Internet Photo Hoax
James Owen
for National Geographic News
December 14, 2007
The National Geographic Society has not discovered ancient giant humans, despite rampant reports and pictures.

The hoax began with a doctored photo and later found a receptive online audience—thanks perhaps to the image’s unintended religious connotations.

GIANT HUMAN SKELETONS discovered at 7 separate gravesites!

A digitally altered photograph created in 2002 shows a reclining giant surrounded by a wooden platform—with a shovel-wielding archaeologist thrown in for scale.

By 2004 the “discovery” was being blogged and emailed all over the world—”Giant Skeleton Unearthed!”—and it’s been enjoying a revival in 2007.

The photo fakery might be obvious to most people. But the tall tale refuses to lie down even five years later, if a continuing flow of emails to National Geographic News are any indication. (The National Geographic Society owns National Geographic News.)

The messages come from around the globe—Portugal, India, El Salvador, Malaysia, Africa, the Dominican Republic, Greece, Egypt, South Africa, Kenya. But they all ask the same question: Is it true?

Perpetuating the Myth

Helping to fuel the story’s recent resurgence are a smattering of media outlets that have reported the find as fact.

An often cited March 2007 article in India’s Hindu Voice monthly, for example, claimed that a National Geographic Society team, in collaboration with the Indian Army, had dug up a giant human skeleton in India.

“Recent exploration activity in the northern region of India uncovered a skeletal remains of a human of phenomenal size,” the report read.

The story went on to say the discovery was made by a “National Geographic Team (India Division) with support from the Indian Army since the area comes under jurisdiction of the Army.”

The account added that the team also found tablets with inscriptions that suggest the giant belonged to a race of superhumans that are mentioned in the Mahabharata, a Hindu epic poem from about 200 B.C.

“They were very tall, big and very powerful, such that they could put their arms around a tree trunk and uproot it,” the report said, repeating claims that initially appeared in 2004.

Voice editor P. Deivamuthu admitted to National Geographic News that his publication was taken in by the fake reports.

The monthly, which is based in Mumbai (Bombay), published a retraction after readers alerted Deivamuthu to the hoax, he said.

“We are against spreading lies and canards,” Deivamuthu added. “Moreover, our readers are a highly intellectual class and will not brook any nonsense.”

Other blog entries—such as a May 2007 posting on a site called Srini’s Weblog—cite a report supposedly published in the Times of India on April 22, 2004. But a search of that newspaper’s archive revealed no such article.

Arabian Giant

Variations of the giant photo hoax include alleged discovery of a 60- to 80-foot long (18- to 24-meter) human skeleton in Saudi Arabia. In one popular take, which likewise first surfaced in 2004, an oil-exploration team is said to have made the find.

Here the skeleton is held up as evidence of giants mentioned in Islamic, rather than Hindu, scriptures.

The Debunkers

Web sites dedicated to debunking urban legends and “netlore” picked up on the various giant hoaxes soon after they first appeared.

California-based Snopes.com, for example, noted that the skeleton image had been lifted from Worth1000, which hosts photo-manipulation competitions.

Titled “Giants,” the skeleton-and-shoveler picture had won third place in a 2002 contest called “Archaeological Anomalies 2.”

The image’s creator—an illustrator from Canada who goes by the screen name IronKite—told National Geographic News via email that he had had nothing to do with the subsequent hoax.

He added that he wants to remain anonymous because some forums that debated whether the giant was genuine or not “were turning their entire argument into a religious one.” It was argued, for instance, that the Saudi Arabian find was entirely consistent with the teachings of the Koran.

“This was about the same time that death threats and cash bounties were being issued against cartoonists and other industry professionals for doing things like depicting the Prophet Mohammed,” IronKite wrote.

How the Image Was Made

IronKite started with an aerial photo of a mastodon excavation in Hyde Park, New York, in 2000. He then digitally superimposed a human skeleton over the beast’s remains.

The later addition of a digging man presented the biggest technical challenge.

“If you look, he’s holding a yellow-handled shovel, but there’s nothing on the end,” IronKite said.

“Originally, the spade end was there. But [it] looked like it was occupying the exact same space as the skeleton’s temple, making the whole thing look fake.

“Now it looks like he’s just holding a stick, and people don’t notice. It’s funny.”

IronKite also altered the color of the man’s clothing to create a “uniform tie-in” with the white-shirted observer peering down from the wooden platform.

The two figures work to exaggerate the scale of the skeleton, he added.

(Related: “Shark ‘Photo of the Year’ Is E-Mail Hoax” [March 8, 2005].)

IronKite said he’s tickled that the picture—which took only about an hour and a half to create—has generated so much Internet attention.

“I laugh myself silly when some guy claims to know someone who was there, or even goes so far as to claim that he or she was there when they found the skeleton and took the picture,” IronKite said.

“Sometimes people seem so desperate to believe in something that they lie to themselves, or exaggerate in order to make their own argument stronger.”

Wanting to Believe

David Mikkelson of Snopes.com said such hoaxes succeed when they seem to confirm something people are already inclined to believe, such as a prejudice, political viewpoint, or religious belief.

A hoax also needs to be presented “in a framework that has the appearance of credibility,” he said in an email.

The “ancient giant” has both elements, according to Mikkelson.

“It appeals to both a religious and a secular vision of the world as different and more fantastic than mere science would lead us to believe,” he said.

“Proof,” Mikkelson added, “comes in the form of a fairly convincing image.”

For anyone who may have knowingly propagated the myth, Mikkelson added, the motivation “probably wasn’t any different than the motivation for engaging in a game of ringing someone’s doorbell and running away—because it’s an easy way to have a laugh at someone else’s expense.”

Alex Boese, “curator” of the virtual Museum of Hoaxes, said fake giants have a long history going back to the at least the 1700s.

The recent hoax is reminiscent of the once famous Cardiff Giant myth, involving a ten-foot-tall (three-meter) stone figure dug up in 1869 in Cardiff, New York, Boese said.

Many people believed the figure was a petrified man and claimed he was one of the giants mentioned in the Bible’s Book of Genesis: “There were giants in the Earth in those days.”

Likewise, Boese said, the recent giant hoax “taps into people’s desire for mystery and their desire to see concrete confirmation of religious legends.”

National Geographic News photo editor Sebastian John contributed to this report.

Free Email News Updates
Sign up for our Inside National Geographic newsletter. Every two weeks we’ll send you our top stories and pictures (see sample).

SOURCES AND RELATED WEB SITES
Hindu Voice
Worth1000
Snopes.com
IronKite’s Home
Museum of Hoaxes

http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2007/12/071214-giant-skeleton_2.html

Electric Vehicle

http://electricvehiclesnews.com/History/Companies/ElectricVehicle.htm

Electric Vehicle Company
1899-1907 the new name of the Electric Carriage and Wagon Co.

The Electric Vehicle Company was founded founded by Henry G. Morris and Pedro G. Salom in 1899 by the merger of Pope Manufacturing Company and two smaller firms. The company pioneered the use of pressed steel for wheels, and its cars featured front-wheel drive and brakes, and rear-wheel steering.
Electric Cabs in NYC

In 1899, ninety percent of the cabs in New York City were electric and Jacob German was the first man to be arrested for speeding. He was a New York taxi driver who was arrested after being caught doing 12 mph on Lexington Avenue. By 1900, the Electric Vehicle Company had put hundreds of its electric Hansom cabs, modeled after the design of its horse-drawn predecessors, on the streets of the metropolis. The Hansoms eliminated the need for a differential by providing a separate motor and axle for each rear wheel.

Beginning in 1901, the Electric Vehicle Company produced both gasoline-powered and electric automobiles.

In 1904, the Electric Vehicle Company built 2000 taxicabs, trucks, and buses, and set up subsidiary cab and car rental companies from New York to Chicago.
In 1907 Electric Vehicle went into the receivership.

=========================================================================================================================================

photo - electric cars

Electric cars
images from google images

http://www.electricvehiclesnews.com/History/historyearlyIII.htm
==William Morrison of Des Moines, Iowa built the first successful electric automobile in the United States in 1891.

Born in Scotland Morrison arrived in Des Moines in 1880 as a chemist. In 1887 he made an unsuccessful attempt to build a car but the center-pivot steering didn’t work. He then commissioned a fringe top surrey from the Des Moines Buggy Company, that he electrified in September of 1890, to demonstrate his new battery (patented 1891 with L. Schmidt). It may have been the first land vehicle steered with a wheel, and featured his patented rack and pinion steering gear (Immisch may have done both a year earlier). Watchmaker Dr. Lew Arntz did the mechanical modifications. Powered by 24 of his lead-acid storage cells (48 volts) with 112 Ampere-hours capacity it weighed two tons. A spur gear on a four horse-power Siemens trolley-car motor, that Morrison rewound to work at a lower voltage more practical for battery application (about 15% of trolley car voltage), this drove a large ring gear on the right rear wheel. This car became very influential when the American Battery Company of Chicago purchased it for $3,600 to demonstrate their commercial version of the Morrison battery at the 1893 World’s Columbian Exhibition. At the fair almost everyone who would be influential in early motoring history saw the carriage.

1894 The Electrobat was the first successful electric automobile. It was designed and built by mechanical engineer Henry G. Morris and chemist Pedro G. Salom in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Both had backgrounds in battery streetcars and, as the battery streetcar business was fading, they teamed up to make battery road vehicles. Their effort was patented on August 31, 1894. Built like a small version of a battery streetcar, it was a slow (it ran at 15 mph), heavy, impractical vehicle with steel tires to support the immense weight of its large lead battery. It entered production in 1895. Later they redesigned the Electrobat (with some help from Walter Baker’s axles and bearings) first as a racecar then as an electric hansom cab.

Woods Motor Vehicle Company was a manufacturer of electric automobiles in Chicago, Illinois between 1899 and 1916. The company was started by Clinton Edgar Woods who wrote the first book on electric vehicles.
The 1904 Woods Stanhope was a Stanhope model. It could seat 2 passengers and sold for US$1800. Twin electric motors, situated at the rear of the car, produced 2.5 hp (1.9 kW) each. The car weighed 2650 lb (1202 kg) with a 40 cell battery.

The 1904 Woods Victoria was a carriage-styled model. It could seat 2 passengers and sold for US$1900. The same twin electric motors as the Stanhope were used, though a 4-speed transmission was fitted. The car weighed 2,700 pounds (1,200 kg). 40 batteries were also used, with an 18 mph (29 km/h) top speed.
Early hybrid

At $2,700, The Dual Power Model 44 Coupe had a 4 cylinder internal combustion engine as well as electric power. Below 15 mph (24 km/h) the car was electric-powered and above it the conventional engine took over to take the vehicle to a maximum of around 35 mph (56 km/h). It is today considered a historic hybrid electric vehicle.